How we obtain energy has seen a significant development in the previous 200 years. The History of Energy has been evolved drastically throughout the humankind history.
Innovations like the steam engine, oil lamps, internal combustion engines, and the widespread use of electricity were responsible for these alterations.
The transition from a predominantly rural to an industrialized global economy required new sources to supply more effective energy inputs. The knowledge that a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions is necessary to prevent the catastrophic effects of climate change is what is driving the present energy transition.
Prior to the Industrial Revolution, individuals ground their own grains using hand mills, water, wind, and muscular power. While heating their dwellings and cooking with wood and dried manure. Making use of carts pulled by horses or other animals helped with transportation. So, industrializing nations like the UK required a new, less expensive energy source. They switched to coal. It is signaled the start of the first significant energy change.
In addition, oil was mostly utilized for lighting before automobiles were produced. After assembly lines were invented, oil demand from internal combustion engine vehicles began to rise. After World War II as vehicle sales rose, it took off.
Afterward, the ongoing energy transformation is centered on renewable energy sources. Global solar and wind energy capacities are growing as nations step up their efforts to reduce emissions.